By Thibault Margaux. Engine Wiring. Publised at Thursday, August 31st 2017, 05:12:03 AM. The internal combustion engine has seen a remarkable evolution over the past century. Before 1970 the evolution of engine design was driven by a quest for performance and an increase in octane in the fuel supply. Since then, however, the imperative was the need to meet new emissions and fuel economy regulations.
By Faustine Arnaud. Engine Wiring. Published at Saturday, January 27th 2018, 02:32:03 AM. Even the most efficient and robust engine technologies will never make it to market without the vehicle system meeting emissions regulations. But this is not the first instance where significant emissions control advances were needed to transition a combustion technology to market. Advances in catalyst technologies more than 40 years ago were critical to meeting emerging emissions regulations; the effectiveness of catalysts for conventional spark-ignition engines has since improved by a factor of 100 while achieving a substantial reduction in expensive platinum group metals. Meeting the new challenges is a very active area of research at ORNL and other U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories, as well as in industry.
By Marthe Mathilde. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 25th 2018, 01:51:19 AM. If you're using a metal box, remove a knockout on the box for each cable that will enter the box. Use a screwdriver and hammer to break out each knockout (metal disc), then twist off the knockout with pliers.
By Morgane Seraphine. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 25th 2018, 00:24:07 AM. Carefully tuck the wires into the box. Install the box cover, securing it with two screws. The cover must be a solid "blank" without holes. Restore power to the circuit by switching on the circuit breaker.
By Faustine Arnaud. Electrical Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 24th 2018, 23:59:26 PM. Turn off the power to the circuit you'll be working on by switching off the appropriate circuit breaker in your home's service panel (breaker box). Test all of the wires you'll be working on with a non-contact voltage tester. The test should confirm that no voltage is present in any of the wires.
By Olivier Danielle. Engine Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 24th 2018, 23:40:06 PM. The crankshaft is what converts the up and down motion of the pistons into a rotational motion that allows the car to move. The crankshaft typically fits lengthwise in the engine block near the bottom. It extends from one end of the engine block to the other. At the front of the end of the engine, the crankshaft connects to rubber belts which connect to the camshaft and delivers power to other parts of the car; at the back end of the engine, the camshaft connects to the drive train, which transfers power to the wheels. At each end of the crankshaft, you’ll find oil seals, or “O-rings,” which prevent oil from leaking out of the engine.
By Faustine Arnaud. Engine Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 24th 2018, 23:29:09 PM. A joint team from Chrysler and the Center for Automotive Research at The Ohio State University recently developed a practical approach to maximizing drivetrain efficiency and reducing fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. Together, engineers in industry and research, along with students, determined how to capture and effectively distribute the useful heat energy to the transmission and engine oils from a controls standpoint, requiring additional hardware such as a transmission heat exchanger and associated plumbing, and new software. Higher temperature oil is less viscous, so less torque is required for operation and the transmission and engine can operate at higher mechanical efficiencies.
By Olivier Danielle. Engine Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 24th 2018, 20:33:18 PM. Game-changing advances in recent years are improvements in engine technologies, sensors, and onboard computing power. This combination of technologies will enable unprecedented control of the combustion process, which in turn will enable real-world implementations of low-temperature combustion and other advanced strategies as well as improved robustness and fuel flexibility. In fact, technological advances are blurring our historical distinction between spark-ignition and compression-ignition engines; we will see new engine concepts that blend the best characteristics of both engine types to push the boundaries of efficiency while meeting stringent emissions regulations worldwide.
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