By Thibault Margaux. Electrical Wiring. Publised at Wednesday, July 19th 2017, 06:16:37 AM. Electricity distribution is the penultimate stage in the delivery (before retail) of electricityto end users. It is generally considered to include medium-voltage "less than 50 kV"power lines, electrical substations and pole mounted transformers, low voltage"less than 1000 V" distribution wiring and sometimes electricity meters.
By Marthe Mathilde. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 25th 2018, 01:51:19 AM. Arc fault circuit interrupters (AFCIs) protect a home against electrical fires. ACFIs protect against fire-causing arcing much like GFCI’s protect against stray current. When an arc is detected, power to the circuit is interrupted. Arcing can be caused by any number of factors, including damaged or worn wires, incorrect wiring, and loose or wet connections. Newer AFCIs are able to distinguish between dangerous arc faults and normal arcing caused by fluorescent lighting and some dimmers and switches.
By Morgane Seraphine. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 25th 2018, 00:24:07 AM. The NEC is used in conjunction with local, country, and State codes that strictly control electrical wiring. The codes are concerned with proper size of wire and with insulation. Factors that are considered are the expected load, the frequency of modifications, and the nature of the environment where the wire is used. Homes have small loads, infrequent modifications and a very non-corrosive environment. Commercial establishments are usually in the middle. The load demands are sometimes higher, and modifications are not infrequent. The factory or industrial site has a very high demand. Modifications are frequent, and the environment is often highly unstable.
By Faustine Arnaud. Electrical Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 24th 2018, 23:59:26 PM. Many homeowners want to take care of the basic wiring needs for their house. Among the most common projects is installing an outlet. It's a basic project that almost anyone can do if they take the time to understand the process. You may also want to understand how to wire a split outlet. This actually comes in handy if, for instance, you want to plug a lamp into an outlet and be able to turn it on from a wall switch.
By Olivier Danielle. Engine Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 24th 2018, 23:40:06 PM. "We first needed to understand how much heat was available from the powertrain during various drive cycles and cold start conditions," he says. By simulating thermal components that control the powertrain heat, such as the electronic thermostat, cooling fans, grill shutters, and water valve, they determined the best way to distribute the available energy.
By Faustine Arnaud. Engine Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 24th 2018, 23:29:09 PM. A joint team from Chrysler and the Center for Automotive Research at The Ohio State University recently developed a practical approach to maximizing drivetrain efficiency and reducing fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. Together, engineers in industry and research, along with students, determined how to capture and effectively distribute the useful heat energy to the transmission and engine oils from a controls standpoint, requiring additional hardware such as a transmission heat exchanger and associated plumbing, and new software. Higher temperature oil is less viscous, so less torque is required for operation and the transmission and engine can operate at higher mechanical efficiencies.
By Olivier Danielle. Engine Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 24th 2018, 20:33:18 PM. The push toward higher-efficiency engines will alter exhaust temperatures and chemistry and may create challenges for emission control technologies. For example, new higher-efficiency engines will have lower exhaust temperatures, due to more efficient work extraction at the piston. Lower exhaust temperatures will, in turn, require the development of new emission control technologies, which must not only be effective at low temperatures but also must survive high exhaust temperatures encountered under high load conditions.
By Manon Marianne. Electrical Wiring. Published at Wednesday, January 24th 2018, 11:05:07 AM. Materials used in wire have varied over the years. Copper has always been the first choice because it is such a good conductor and is very flexible. In the 1960 to 1970’s, aluminum wire became popular due to the rising cost of copper. Insulation was usually rubber although rubber tended to corrode due to exposure to moisture and air. PVC compounds are now used most commonly as wire insulation. Insulation is made in different colors to identify wiring circuits in a system.
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