By Thibault Margaux. Engine Wiring. Publised at Thursday, August 31st 2017, 05:12:03 AM. The crankshaft is what converts the up and down motion of the pistons into a rotational motion that allows the car to move. The crankshaft typically fits lengthwise in the engine block near the bottom. It extends from one end of the engine block to the other. At the front of the end of the engine, the crankshaft connects to rubber belts which connect to the camshaft and delivers power to other parts of the car; at the back end of the engine, the camshaft connects to the drive train, which transfers power to the wheels. At each end of the crankshaft, you’ll find oil seals, or “O-rings,” which prevent oil from leaking out of the engine.
By Olivier Danielle. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, November 28th 2017, 10:50:34 AM. After electricity is produced at power plants is has to get to the customers that usethe electricity. Our cities, towns, states and the entire country are crisis-crossed withpower lines that ³carry´ the electricity. As large generators spin, they produce electricitywith a voltage of about 25,000 volts. A volt is a measurement of electromotive force inelectricity. The electricity first goes to a transformer at the power plant that boosts thevoltage up to 400,000 volts. When electricity travels long distances it is better to have itat higher voltages "more efficiently at high voltages".
By Faustine Arnaud. Engine Wiring. Published at Saturday, November 25th 2017, 03:02:52 AM. The internal combustion engine has seen a remarkable evolution over the past century. Before 1970 the evolution of engine design was driven by a quest for performance and an increase in octane in the fuel supply. Since then, however, the imperative was the need to meet new emissions and fuel economy regulations.
By Faustine Arnaud. Engine Wiring. Published at Thursday, November 23rd 2017, 02:10:24 AM. Gasoline compression ignition combustion is an advanced combustion mode that has received considerable attention in recent years. While GCI combustion is not a new concept, it has evolved over the past several decades as technologies improve. Earlier GCI research was focused primarily on homogeneous charge compression ignition combustion, but in recent years, we have seen increasing interest in a continuous range of GCI combustion modes spanning fully homogeneous HCCI to partial fuel stratification modes to full stratification modes which are diesel-like in execution. These technologies have also led to a strong interest in reactivity controlled compression ignition combustion (RCCI), which makes use of the differences in reactivity of two fuels to manage the combustion process for maximum efficiency with lowest possible emissions.
By Morgane Seraphine. Engine Wiring. Published at Wednesday, November 22nd 2017, 01:14:33 AM. Stability and control have been major roadblocks to the implementation of many advanced combustion modes. Many low-temperature combustion modes such as GCI and RCCI operate on the edge of stability—in other words, at conditions under which very small variations in engine boundary conditions (such as intake temperature) may result in unintended excursions that result in undesirable emissions, reduced efficiency, and the potential to destroy the engine or emissions control system. One can imagine the challenge of these types of combustion modes under ever-changing conditions of a real-world drive cycle where a single unintended excursion could be catastrophic. Meeting that challenge requires a control system which is predictive for avoidance rather than reactive after the occurrence of a potentially damaging event.
By Marthe Mathilde. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, November 21st 2017, 21:48:08 PM. It is critical in any wiring project that you match the gauge of the wire with the amperage rating of the circuit. Failing to do so can lead to a fire. A wire's gauge is the physical size of the wire, but the scale is opposite of the wire's circumference. This means that a 2-gauge wire is actually larger than a 14-gauge wire. The size determines how much current can pass through, so the larger wires will be used for your heavier loads.
By Claudette Alice. Engine Wiring. Published at Monday, November 20th 2017, 21:36:19 PM. From my position at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, I have been able to see the intersection of knowledge discovery, advanced engine and vehicle technology development, and the use of one-of-a-kind computing resources. Although the public tends to think of automobile and engine research as a purely private-sector concern, my colleagues and I at ORNL are helping to realize the full efficiency potential of internal combustion engines.
By Elvire Fernande. Engine Wiring. Published at Sunday, November 12th 2017, 21:35:17 PM. Automakers are improving fuel economy by exploiting a new controls approach that uses the waste heat from vehicle engines. Currently, up to 65% of the heat energy produced in internal combustion engines, whether gasoline or diesel, is wasted. Typically, the powertrain or engine dissipates the heat by convection, where it is carried to the cooling circuit or lost out of the tailpipe in exhaust gases.
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