By Thibault Margaux. Engine Wiring. Publised at Thursday, August 31st 2017, 05:12:03 AM. The group found that using the waste heat with optimal controls consistently delivered higher oil temperatures and significantly reduced warm-up times. This translated to fuel economy improvements of almost 4% compared to conventional thermal management strategies. The largest efficiency gains occur while heating oil from a cold start, and approximately half of the improvement comes from the powertrain and transmission sides.
By Manon Marianne. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, January 15th 2018, 12:25:20 PM. It is critical in any wiring project that you match the gauge of the wire with the amperage rating of the circuit. Failing to do so can lead to a fire. A wire's gauge is the physical size of the wire, but the scale is opposite of the wire's circumference. This means that a 2-gauge wire is actually larger than a 14-gauge wire. The size determines how much current can pass through, so the larger wires will be used for your heavier loads.
By Manon Marianne. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, January 14th 2018, 11:58:34 AM. Separate the circuit wires at the existing splice and loosen the cables as needed to make room for the new junction box. Mount the box to the framing (or other support structure) with screws driven through factory-made holes in the back or side of the box, as applicable.
By Morgane Seraphine. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, January 11th 2018, 07:05:22 AM. Turn off the power to the circuit you'll be working on by switching off the appropriate circuit breaker in your home's service panel (breaker box). Test all of the wires you'll be working on with a non-contact voltage tester. The test should confirm that no voltage is present in any of the wires.
By Marthe Mathilde. Engine Wiring. Published at Tuesday, January 09th 2018, 06:03:07 AM. Stability and control have been major roadblocks to the implementation of many advanced combustion modes. Many low-temperature combustion modes such as GCI and RCCI operate on the edge of stability—in other words, at conditions under which very small variations in engine boundary conditions (such as intake temperature) may result in unintended excursions that result in undesirable emissions, reduced efficiency, and the potential to destroy the engine or emissions control system. One can imagine the challenge of these types of combustion modes under ever-changing conditions of a real-world drive cycle where a single unintended excursion could be catastrophic. Meeting that challenge requires a control system which is predictive for avoidance rather than reactive after the occurrence of a potentially damaging event.
By Marthe Mathilde. Engine Wiring. Published at Monday, January 08th 2018, 02:48:05 AM. All actuators needed to work in concert to heat the oil fast and keep the temperature steady. Opening the grill shutters or running the electric air fan consumes power. Controlling actuators in concert is a new way of addressing thermal management. While more complex, it enables the system to arrive at a steady temperature quicker and under all operating conditions, which extends the life of each thermal-control actuator, Laboe says.
By Olivier Danielle. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, January 07th 2018, 22:32:17 PM. “Anywhere there is the chance of contact with water or the ground, there should be a GFCI,” says Brett Brenner, president of the Electrical Safety Foundation International (ESFI). “It’s estimated that GFCIs accounted for roughly a 70 percent reduction in electrocutions,” he says. GFCIs are also available as circuit breakers installed in the panel, giving ground fault protection to designated circuits in the home.
By Olivier Danielle. Engine Wiring. Published at Saturday, January 06th 2018, 17:57:56 PM. Low-temperature combustion processes are of significant interest due to very high thermal efficiencies with significant reductions in many criteria pollutants. As mentioned above, LTC has been a challenge due to the state of technology: unlike conventional spark-ignition and compression-ignition combustion modes, most LTC modes are kinetically controlled and hence much more sensitive to environmental conditions and ever-changing speed/load demands. Recent advances in enabling technologies such as fuel injection systems, turbomachinery, valve actuation, sensors, and onboard computers have led to new real-time control opportunities which are enabling the potential of LTC engines with production-viable hardware.
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