By Thibault Margaux. Engine Wiring. Publised at Wednesday, August 02nd 2017, 09:23:41 AM. Building on that work, in 1864 two German engineers named Nicolaus August Otto and Eugen Langen founded a company that made engines similar to Lenoir’s model. Otto gave up managing the company and started working on an engine design that he had been toying with since 1861. His design led to what we now know as the four-stroke engine, and the basic design is still used in cars today.
By Faustine Arnaud. Engine Wiring. Publised at Saturday, December 02nd 2017, 16:32:22 PM. The team ran simulations to maximize drivetrain efficiency and minimize fuel consumption under various driving conditions, and tested their model-based approach by delivering control commands to actuators that modulated powertrain heat on a test vehicle. They monitored engine coolant temperature, engine oil temperature, transmission oil temperature, and vehicle fuel consumption, and ultimately found no additional coolant pump power was necessary for rapid warm-up and control of the drivetrain oils.
By Claudette Alice. Engine Wiring. Publised at Thursday, November 09th 2017, 17:30:15 PM. Over the past several years, road transportation has seen some significant advances in what are considered alternative technologies. Energy storage, electric drive systems, and fuel cell technology all seem to be poised to find a significant place in the automotive marketplace. But it would be a mistake to believe that such technologies will completely sweep aside what has come before. Instead, the internal combustion engine will continue to be integral to the transportation of people and goods for the foreseeable future.
By Marthe Mathilde. Engine Wiring. Published at Tuesday, January 02nd 2018, 12:15:02 PM. Automakers can improve fuel economy by selecting optimal coolant-circuit architectures, heat exchangers, and flow-control devices. The goal of this work was to warm up the drivetrain oils rapidly and run at a slightly higher temperature without additional hydraulic power. Kevin Laboe, who leads the Powertrain Thermal Management Team at Chrysler's Advanced Powertrain Group, Detroit, MI, and who led the simulation and testing teams, says the challenge was to distribute the heat in the most effective way.
By Elvire Fernande. Electrical Wiring. Published at Thursday, December 28th 2017, 09:14:31 AM. The first stage, which coincides in time with general construction work, includes the installation of fasteners or inserts in structural elements for the subsequent attachment of electrical equipment and structures for the installation of electric wiring. It also includes the installation of conduits for electric wiring in the foundations and floors of buildings or structures and the installation of wall sockets for outlets and switches. In the first stage, the preassembly of electrical equipment and wiring structures, the fabrication of conduit sections, and the board lacing of wires and cables for lighting and other circuits are carried out away from the construction site in specially equipped electrical-installation prefabrication shops.
By Marthe Mathilde. Electrical Wiring. Published at Wednesday, December 27th 2017, 09:11:55 AM. Arc fault circuit interrupters (AFCIs) protect a home against electrical fires. ACFIs protect against fire-causing arcing much like GFCI’s protect against stray current. When an arc is detected, power to the circuit is interrupted. Arcing can be caused by any number of factors, including damaged or worn wires, incorrect wiring, and loose or wet connections. Newer AFCIs are able to distinguish between dangerous arc faults and normal arcing caused by fluorescent lighting and some dimmers and switches.
By Morgane Seraphine. Engine Wiring. Published at Tuesday, December 26th 2017, 18:19:29 PM. Even the most efficient and robust engine technologies will never make it to market without the vehicle system meeting emissions regulations. But this is not the first instance where significant emissions control advances were needed to transition a combustion technology to market. Advances in catalyst technologies more than 40 years ago were critical to meeting emerging emissions regulations; the effectiveness of catalysts for conventional spark-ignition engines has since improved by a factor of 100 while achieving a substantial reduction in expensive platinum group metals. Meeting the new challenges is a very active area of research at ORNL and other U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories, as well as in industry.
By Faustine Arnaud. Engine Wiring. Published at Wednesday, December 20th 2017, 17:21:16 PM. The internal combustion engine has seen a remarkable evolution over the past century. Before 1970 the evolution of engine design was driven by a quest for performance and an increase in octane in the fuel supply. Since then, however, the imperative was the need to meet new emissions and fuel economy regulations.
By Claudette Alice. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, December 19th 2017, 13:38:52 PM. One of the main trends in the further industrialization of electrical installation work is the use of large-scale electrical engineering facilities, for example, the rooms of electric-drive control stations and of urban transformer substations. Such facilities are delivered by industry with the electrical equipment completely installed and adjusted. In this case, electrical installation work is reduced to the installation of such facilities and the connection of the facilities to external power networks.
By Marthe Mathilde. Electrical Wiring. Published at Saturday, December 16th 2017, 05:58:41 AM. In the second stage, the electrical equipment and the structures for the installation of wiring are transported to the construction site, installed in the planned locations, and assembled. In addition, cables and wires are laid and are connected to the installed electrical equipment. Electrical installation work is completed when the installed equipment is actuated and adjusted. The most complicated work in this respect is the adjustment of relay protection and automatic control systems for electric drives.
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