By Thibault Margaux. Engine Wiring. Publised at Tuesday, January 23rd 2018, 16:16:00 PM. Internal combustion engine efficiency has historically been limited more by the state of technology than innovation. As an example, the potential of technologies such as gasoline direct injection were known and attempted in production more than 50 years ago, but direct injection has only become widely available in production within the last decade and now makes up approximately 38 percent of new light-duty vehicle sales. Another example is low-temperature combustion modes such as homogeneous charge compression ignition combustion—in which fuel and air are injected during the intake stroke and then compressed until the entire mixture reacts spontaneously—which were demonstrated in a laboratory more than 30 years ago but are still many years away from market introduction.
By Elvire Fernande. Engine Wiring. Publised at Tuesday, January 30th 2018, 18:25:31 PM. Over the past several years, road transportation has seen some significant advances in what are considered alternative technologies. Energy storage, electric drive systems, and fuel cell technology all seem to be poised to find a significant place in the automotive marketplace. But it would be a mistake to believe that such technologies will completely sweep aside what has come before. Instead, the internal combustion engine will continue to be integral to the transportation of people and goods for the foreseeable future.
By Thibault Margaux. Engine Wiring. Published at Monday, October 30th 2017, 18:41:31 PM. But gas- and diesel-powered engines are not done yet. Just as electrified cars — whether hybrids or pure battery-powered models — seem headed for market dominance, Mazda announced a breakthrough in gasoline engines that could make them far more efficient. It is the latest plot twist in a century of improvements for internal combustion engines, a power source pronounced dead many times that has persisted nevertheless. Here is some truth-squadding on the latest in auto technology.
By Faustine Arnaud. Electrical Wiring. Published at Friday, October 27th 2017, 16:08:15 PM. Carefully tuck the wires into the box. Install the box cover, securing it with two screws. The cover must be a solid "blank" without holes. Restore power to the circuit by switching on the circuit breaker.
By Marthe Mathilde. Engine Wiring. Published at Monday, October 23rd 2017, 10:50:45 AM. Stability and control have been major roadblocks to the implementation of many advanced combustion modes. Many low-temperature combustion modes such as GCI and RCCI operate on the edge of stability—in other words, at conditions under which very small variations in engine boundary conditions (such as intake temperature) may result in unintended excursions that result in undesirable emissions, reduced efficiency, and the potential to destroy the engine or emissions control system. One can imagine the challenge of these types of combustion modes under ever-changing conditions of a real-world drive cycle where a single unintended excursion could be catastrophic. Meeting that challenge requires a control system which is predictive for avoidance rather than reactive after the occurrence of a potentially damaging event.
By Faustine Arnaud. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, October 22nd 2017, 07:49:09 AM. Plastic boxes usually have spring-tabs for clamps and do not require tightening. Note: The ends of the individual wires should be clean, straight, and undamaged. Their insulation should be stripped 1/2 to 3/4 inch from the ends. Trim any damaged wires and/or strip insulation as needed, using wire strippers.
By Faustine Arnaud. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, October 15th 2017, 07:16:21 AM. Separate the circuit wires at the existing splice and loosen the cables as needed to make room for the new junction box. Mount the box to the framing (or other support structure) with screws driven through factory-made holes in the back or side of the box, as applicable.
By Thibault Margaux. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, October 09th 2017, 05:17:57 AM. Whenever we flip a switch, plug in an appliance, or adjust a reading light, we interact with the electrical system in a house. A good electrician can make those interactions easier in a hundred little ways, so it's best to communicate your needs early—ideally after the house is framed and before the drywall or insulation goes up. That's when master electrician Allen Gallant, who has wired many This Old House TV projects, takes his customers on a job-site walk-through, showing where he plans to put switches, lights, and receptacles. "I'll even ask them if they're left-handed or right-handed," he says. "It makes a big difference when you're looking for the light switch." It's easy to make changes at this point in the process, but once the walls are closed in, any second thoughts become far more difficult and expensive to implement.
By Elvire Fernande. Engine Wiring. Published at Thursday, October 05th 2017, 20:33:48 PM. The group found that using the waste heat with optimal controls consistently delivered higher oil temperatures and significantly reduced warm-up times. This translated to fuel economy improvements of almost 4% compared to conventional thermal management strategies. The largest efficiency gains occur while heating oil from a cold start, and approximately half of the improvement comes from the powertrain and transmission sides.
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