By Claudette Alice. Engine Wiring. Publised at Thursday, November 09th 2017, 17:30:15 PM. Most folks think that in the world of mechanized movement, steam-powered external combustion engines came before the internal combustion variety. The reality is that the internal combustion engine came first. "Yes, the ancient Greeks messed around with steam-powered engines, but nothing practical came from their experiments".
By Faustine Arnaud. Engine Wiring. Publised at Saturday, December 02nd 2017, 16:32:22 PM. That is not to say that things will stay as they are now. The engine is undergoing a significant evolution of its own, as new fuel economy and emissions standards in the light-duty and heavy-duty sectors push the development of new technologies on an unprecedented scale toward the theoretical limits of engine operation. Coupled with continuing research into fundamental engine processes, the introduction of affordable high-performance computing, and the adoption of advanced manufacturing techniques throughout industry, those new technologies are leading to potentially disruptive opportunities for the introduction of engines with extraordinarily high efficiencies. How these new engines perform and how they will be integrated into new vehicle architectures will be the story of personal mobility for this half of the 21st century.
By Thibault Margaux. Engine Wiring. Publised at Wednesday, August 02nd 2017, 09:23:41 AM. Internal combustion engine efficiency has historically been limited more by the state of technology than innovation. As an example, the potential of technologies such as gasoline direct injection were known and attempted in production more than 50 years ago, but direct injection has only become widely available in production within the last decade and now makes up approximately 38 percent of new light-duty vehicle sales. Another example is low-temperature combustion modes such as homogeneous charge compression ignition combustion—in which fuel and air are injected during the intake stroke and then compressed until the entire mixture reacts spontaneously—which were demonstrated in a laboratory more than 30 years ago but are still many years away from market introduction.
By Elvire Fernande. Electrical Wiring. Published at Monday, February 05th 2018, 04:05:40 AM. It is critical in any wiring project that you match the gauge of the wire with the amperage rating of the circuit. Failing to do so can lead to a fire. A wire's gauge is the physical size of the wire, but the scale is opposite of the wire's circumference. This means that a 2-gauge wire is actually larger than a 14-gauge wire. The size determines how much current can pass through, so the larger wires will be used for your heavier loads.
By Faustine Arnaud. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, February 04th 2018, 20:10:14 PM. After electricity is produced at power plants is has to get to the customers that usethe electricity. Our cities, towns, states and the entire country are crisis-crossed withpower lines that ³carry´ the electricity. As large generators spin, they produce electricitywith a voltage of about 25,000 volts. A volt is a measurement of electromotive force inelectricity. The electricity first goes to a transformer at the power plant that boosts thevoltage up to 400,000 volts. When electricity travels long distances it is better to have itat higher voltages "more efficiently at high voltages".
By Elvire Fernande. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, February 04th 2018, 19:44:29 PM. In the second stage, the electrical equipment and the structures for the installation of wiring are transported to the construction site, installed in the planned locations, and assembled. In addition, cables and wires are laid and are connected to the installed electrical equipment. Electrical installation work is completed when the installed equipment is actuated and adjusted. The most complicated work in this respect is the adjustment of relay protection and automatic control systems for electric drives.
By Sebastien Abel. Electrical Wiring. Published at Sunday, February 04th 2018, 05:32:41 AM. Arc fault circuit interrupters (AFCIs) protect a home against electrical fires. ACFIs protect against fire-causing arcing much like GFCI’s protect against stray current. When an arc is detected, power to the circuit is interrupted. Arcing can be caused by any number of factors, including damaged or worn wires, incorrect wiring, and loose or wet connections. Newer AFCIs are able to distinguish between dangerous arc faults and normal arcing caused by fluorescent lighting and some dimmers and switches.
By Morgane Seraphine. Engine Wiring. Published at Saturday, February 03rd 2018, 14:07:38 PM. The push toward higher-efficiency engines will alter exhaust temperatures and chemistry and may create challenges for emission control technologies. For example, new higher-efficiency engines will have lower exhaust temperatures, due to more efficient work extraction at the piston. Lower exhaust temperatures will, in turn, require the development of new emission control technologies, which must not only be effective at low temperatures but also must survive high exhaust temperatures encountered under high load conditions.
By Thibault Margaux. Engine Wiring. Published at Saturday, February 03rd 2018, 05:06:41 AM. Building on that work, in 1864 two German engineers named Nicolaus August Otto and Eugen Langen founded a company that made engines similar to Lenoir’s model. Otto gave up managing the company and started working on an engine design that he had been toying with since 1861. His design led to what we now know as the four-stroke engine, and the basic design is still used in cars today.
By Faustine Arnaud. Engine Wiring. Published at Saturday, February 03rd 2018, 03:25:47 AM. A joint team from Chrysler and the Center for Automotive Research at The Ohio State University recently developed a practical approach to maximizing drivetrain efficiency and reducing fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. Together, engineers in industry and research, along with students, determined how to capture and effectively distribute the useful heat energy to the transmission and engine oils from a controls standpoint, requiring additional hardware such as a transmission heat exchanger and associated plumbing, and new software. Higher temperature oil is less viscous, so less torque is required for operation and the transmission and engine can operate at higher mechanical efficiencies.
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