By Manon Marianne. Engine Wiring. Publised at Tuesday, September 19th 2017, 19:35:06 PM. A joint team from Chrysler and the Center for Automotive Research at The Ohio State University recently developed a practical approach to maximizing drivetrain efficiency and reducing fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. Together, engineers in industry and research, along with students, determined how to capture and effectively distribute the useful heat energy to the transmission and engine oils from a controls standpoint, requiring additional hardware such as a transmission heat exchanger and associated plumbing, and new software. Higher temperature oil is less viscous, so less torque is required for operation and the transmission and engine can operate at higher mechanical efficiencies.
By Thibault Margaux. Engine Wiring. Published at Thursday, November 30th 2017, 14:59:04 PM. he combustion chamber in an engine is where the magic happens. It’s where fuel, air, pressure, and electricity come together to create the small explosion that moves the car’s pistons up and down, thus creating the power to move the vehicle. The combustion chamber is made up of the cylinder, piston, and cylinder head. The cylinder acts as the wall of the combustion chamber, the top of the piston acts as the floor of the combustion chamber, and the cylinder head serves as the ceiling of the combustion chamber.
By Sebastien Abel. Engine Wiring. Published at Wednesday, November 29th 2017, 14:28:15 PM. Low-temperature combustion processes are of significant interest due to very high thermal efficiencies with significant reductions in many criteria pollutants. As mentioned above, LTC has been a challenge due to the state of technology: unlike conventional spark-ignition and compression-ignition combustion modes, most LTC modes are kinetically controlled and hence much more sensitive to environmental conditions and ever-changing speed/load demands. Recent advances in enabling technologies such as fuel injection systems, turbomachinery, valve actuation, sensors, and onboard computers have led to new real-time control opportunities which are enabling the potential of LTC engines with production-viable hardware.
By Olivier Danielle. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, November 28th 2017, 10:50:34 AM. Electrical installation work is mechanized through the use of general-purpose construction machinery—for example, lift trucks, hoists, and truck cranes—and of specialized electrical-installation machinery, devices, and tools. The time required for electrical installation work is reduced and the productivity of labor in such work is raised primarily through the use of industrial methods of installing electrical equipment and through the delivery to construction sites of structures for the installation of wiring and elements of electric wiring in consolidated subassemblies and units, which are fabricated and assembled in electrical-installation prefabrication shops. The level of industrialization of electrical installation work is due in large part to the output by industry of complete sets of electrical equipment and of electric wiring that can be easily installed and adjusted.
By Faustine Arnaud. Engine Wiring. Published at Saturday, November 25th 2017, 03:02:52 AM. From my position at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, I have been able to see the intersection of knowledge discovery, advanced engine and vehicle technology development, and the use of one-of-a-kind computing resources. Although the public tends to think of automobile and engine research as a purely private-sector concern, my colleagues and I at ORNL are helping to realize the full efficiency potential of internal combustion engines.
By Faustine Arnaud. Engine Wiring. Published at Thursday, November 23rd 2017, 02:10:24 AM. Automakers can improve fuel economy by selecting optimal coolant-circuit architectures, heat exchangers, and flow-control devices. The goal of this work was to warm up the drivetrain oils rapidly and run at a slightly higher temperature without additional hydraulic power. Kevin Laboe, who leads the Powertrain Thermal Management Team at Chrysler's Advanced Powertrain Group, Detroit, MI, and who led the simulation and testing teams, says the challenge was to distribute the heat in the most effective way.
By Morgane Seraphine. Engine Wiring. Published at Wednesday, November 22nd 2017, 01:14:33 AM. Game-changing advances in recent years are improvements in engine technologies, sensors, and onboard computing power. This combination of technologies will enable unprecedented control of the combustion process, which in turn will enable real-world implementations of low-temperature combustion and other advanced strategies as well as improved robustness and fuel flexibility. In fact, technological advances are blurring our historical distinction between spark-ignition and compression-ignition engines; we will see new engine concepts that blend the best characteristics of both engine types to push the boundaries of efficiency while meeting stringent emissions regulations worldwide.
By Marthe Mathilde. Electrical Wiring. Published at Tuesday, November 21st 2017, 21:48:08 PM. Whenever we flip a switch, plug in an appliance, or adjust a reading light, we interact with the electrical system in a house. A good electrician can make those interactions easier in a hundred little ways, so it's best to communicate your needs early—ideally after the house is framed and before the drywall or insulation goes up. That's when master electrician Allen Gallant, who has wired many This Old House TV projects, takes his customers on a job-site walk-through, showing where he plans to put switches, lights, and receptacles. "I'll even ask them if they're left-handed or right-handed," he says. "It makes a big difference when you're looking for the light switch." It's easy to make changes at this point in the process, but once the walls are closed in, any second thoughts become far more difficult and expensive to implement.
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