Both GFCIs and AFCIs come with test switches and should be tested every thirty days. Testing a GFCI is straightforward: Press the “reset” button on the receptacle. Plug a lamp into the outlet and turn it on. The light should be on. Press the “test” button. The “reset” button should pop out and the lamp should turn off. Push the “reset” button once more; the lamp should turn back on. If the test does not work like this, the receptacle is faulty and should be inspected by a professional.
The National Electrical Code (NEC) dictates that no wiring splices are allowed outside of an approved enclosure. One type of approved enclosure is a junction box. A junction box is simply a standard electrical box that is mounted securely (to house framing or another structure) and contains the splice—the wiring connection—of two or more circuit cables or wires. The cables are secured to the box with cable clamps (or conduit connectors, if the circuit includes conduit), and it must have a removable cover to create a complete enclosure. Junction box covers must remain accessible; they cannot be covered with drywall or other surface material.
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